The 2020 Annotated Tremeear's Criminal Code (Print + ProView) - Police Edition

The Honourable Mr. Justice David Watt; Madam Justice Michelle Fuerst

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Get all the latest case law and legislative changes in criminal law, including concise, accessible summaries of thousands of Supreme Court of Canada and provincial appellate Court decisions

30th Anniversary Edition

To purchase or to inquire about The Annotated Tremeear's Criminal Code Police Edition, please contact your Information Solutions Consultant, or call Customer Relations at 1-800-387-5164 or (416) 609-3800.

Get quick access to the important cases so you can present your arguments with confidence. Authoritative commentary, case summaries of appellate court decisions, and cross references to related provisions help you understand how the parts of the Criminal Code interact.

Defence, Crown, and the judiciary have all come to trust and rely upon the indispensable annotations and commentary by the Tremeear's authors in this acclaimed courtroom resource.

The Annotated Tremeear's Criminal Code Police Edition:

  • Features thousands of Supreme Court of Canada and provincial appellate Court decisions
  • Cross-references the appropriate specimen jury instructions (Watt's Manual of Criminal Jury Instructions)
  • Includes offence tables that allow you to classify an offence, determine maximum and minimum sentences, and the range of sentencing options and orders; forms of charges; and a table of concordance

New in this edition

This text features all the latest legislative amendments, including:

  • An Act to amend the Canadian Human Rights Act and the Criminal Code, S.C. 2017, c. 13, amended the Criminal Code definition of “identifiable group” in s. 318(4) and also amended the principles that a court shall take into consideration on sentencing in s. 718.2(a) to include evidence that the offence was motivated by bias, prejudice, or hate based on gender identity or expression.
  • The Journalistic Sources Protection Act, S.C. 2017, c. 22, amended the Criminal Code and the Canada Evidence Act to protect the confidentiality of journalistic sources and to create additional requirements for the issuance of a search warrant relating to a journalist.
  • An Act to amend the Criminal Code (mischief), S.C. 2017, c. 23, amends the Criminal Code offence of mischief in relation to religious property.

Additionally, the Schedules to the Controlled Drugs and Substances Act have undergone amendment introduced by SOR/2017-249, SOR/2017-275, and SOR/2017-277.

It incorporates the following key cases.

SCC Cases:

  • R. v. Jones, 2017 SCC – Even where D has a reasonable expectation of privacy in text messages, no breach of s. 8 occurs when police lawfully obtain records of the messages stored on a service provider’s infrastructure under a production order.
  • R. v. Seipp, 2018 SCC – Evidence that D fled the scene of a motor vehicle accident to avoid liability for possession of a stolen motor vehicle is evidence of an “intent to escape civil or criminal liability” within s. 252(1).
  • R. v. Boutilier, 2017 SCC – Before designating D a dangerous offender, the judge must be satisfied on the evidence that D poses a high likelihood of harmful recidivism and that D’s conduct is intractable.
  • R. v. Marakah, 2017 SCC – To determine whether a person has a reasonable expectation of privacy in the subject-matter of the search requires a consideration of the totality of the circumstances. Section 8 applies where a person has a reasonable privacy interest in the object or subject-matter of the state action and the information to which it gives access.

Court of Appeal Cases:                                      

  • R. v. A.R.D., 2017 ABCA – In a prosecution alleging sexual offences, the absence of avoidant behavior or a change in behavior on the part of V is logically irrelevant, thus cannot form the basis of a credibility assessment leading to a reasonable doubt about D’s guilt.
  • Primeau c. R., 2017 QCCA – Accident is a defence to the element of intention in murder or to any other offence in which a culpable mental state is an essential element. An accident that occurs in the absence of any other unlawful act precludes any criminal liability.
  • R. v. Allen, 2017 MBCA – To constitute an alibi, the evidence must be determinative of the final issue of D’s guilt or innocence by excluding any “window of opportunity” for D to possibly have committed the offence. Evidence that D had only a limited opportunity to commit an offence is not an alibi.
  • R. v. Spence, 2017 ONCA – Where NCRMD is advanced, a jury should be instructed that, if they reject this denial of criminal responsibility, they must consider the whole of the evidence, including the evidence of D’s mental illness, in determining whether P has proven the fault element in murder beyond a reasonable doubt.
  • R. v. E.J.B., 2017 ABCA – In general, a person regarded by the parent or guardian of a child, and/or the child, to be a responsible person, relied upon to do the right thing vis-à-vis the child, is in a position of trust.
  • R. v. Lotfy, 2017 BCCA – For a warrantless arrest under s. 495(1)(b), P must prove, on a balance of probabilities, that the arresting officer had reasonable grounds to believe the arrested person was committing a criminal offence in the officer’s presence.
  • R. v. Vice Media Canada Inc., 2017 ONCA – On a motion to quash or revoke a production order, the media is entitled to put further material before the reviewing judge for consideration in determining whether the order should have issued.

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Criminal Law and Procedure


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